4 Types of Residential Roofing

When it comes to protecting your house from the elements, different roofing materials offer ideal protection to your home. Choosing the right roofing material should be based on aesthetic, budget and structural needs.

Modern roofing options are far more energy-efficient than older roofs, which can help reduce your utility costs. The proper roof can also protect your home and increase its value.

Asphalt Shingles

Asphalt shingles are one of the most popular roofing materials, largely due to their cost and low maintenance requirements. They're available in a variety of colors and styles to fit any home's aesthetic and blend seamlessly with the surrounding environment. Additionally, asphalt shingles offer great protection from the elements and can add to your home's resale value.

These shingles are made by compressing layers of tar, fiberglass and granules to create a sturdy waterproof barrier that can withstand a range of weather conditions. The granules also increase the surface area of the shingle, helping it resist the formation of mold and algae, which can damage or shorten the life of the shingles.

Today's asphalt shingles are manufactured to be resistant to a number of different types of damage, including wind, fire and impact. They're also designed to reflect UV rays from the sun, which can help keep your home cooler and reduce your energy costs.

They're also fairly easy to install, as the shingles are made in a variety of shapes and sizes to fit any roof structure. They're typically secured to the roof deck using a nail gun or other roofing nails, which are placed in pre-drilled holes. Some shingles are also designed with a line for the roofing contractor to follow, making the installation process go faster.

In addition to traditional three-tab shingles, there are other varieties of asphalt shingles that offer a more decorative look. These include architectural shingles and luxury shingles. These shingles are thicker and more textured than standard shingles and can give your roof a more interesting and dynamic appearance. They're also more expensive than standard shingles, but they can improve your home's curb appeal and raise its resale value.

Another option is metal roofing, which is usually made of galvanized steel or copper. It's more expensive than shingle roofing, but it offers greater protection against hail and other debris. It also lasts much longer than shingle roofing, and it can help to lower your home's heating and cooling bills.


Wood is a common material used to cover residential roofs, and it comes in many forms. For example, cedar shingles are commonly seen on traditional Georgian-style homes and can be used to create an elegant, rustic look for any home. Wood shingles and shakes offer natural resistance to winds, hail, snow, and moisture. Regular maintenance with treatments and cleaning can help minimize rotting, warping, and other problems that come with wood roofing.

When it comes to choosing the right wood for your roofing, it’s important to consider how it will be cut. When a shingle or shake is cut with an edge grain, it’s the highest quality and will provide the best protection from weathering. It’s also easier to keep clean and maintain than a shingle that has a flat or slash cut.

Shakes and shingles are usually made from various types of wood, including pine, red cedar, cypress, and redwood. Each of these options has a different texture and appearance. For instance, shakes are raw and split by hand, while shingles are smoothed, shaped, and cut to a uniform size and shape before being installed. While both types of roofing are durable, shakes tend to be more vulnerable to water damage than shingles. This is because they swell when wet, which can lead to leaks or mold and rot.

If you choose to install a wood roof, be prepared to spend more on this type of roofing than you would on asphalt shingles. In addition, wood roofing requires regular maintenance to ensure its longevity and prevent damage from insects. These insects can include wasps, termites, wood borers, and other pests. Keeping your wood roof treated with insect repellents will keep these insects from settling in and damaging your home.

The other issue with this type of roofing is that it’s prone to fire damage. This is especially true if you use untreated wood, such as pine, redwood, or cypress. If you’re looking for a more durable option, consider slate or clay tiles. Both of these materials are fire-resistant and have a high aesthetic appeal, but they come with a much higher price tag.


Slate is a highly durable roofing material. It’s often used on historic homes, but it can be a great choice for modern houses as well. It’s more expensive than asphalt shingles, but it has a lifespan of up to 200 years, which can span multiple generations of homeowners. In addition, a slate roof is environmentally-friendly since it’s made of natural materials and won’t need to be replaced as frequently.

While it’s a more costly option than other types of roofing, slate is an excellent choice for luxury homes. This type of roof has a beautiful, timeless look that won’t be affected by fickle fashion trends.

It also has fire resistance, is invulnerable to rot and doesn’t need much maintenance to keep it looking good. It’s also a good choice for homes in dry climates, as it can withstand high winds and hot temperatures. If you’re looking for a more affordable option, there are synthetic slate products available that mimic the color, texture and durability of authentic slate.

Besides being water-, fire-, fungus-, and temperature-resistant, a slate roof can last up to 200 years, saving you from the expense of frequent re-roofing. It’s also a recyclable material that can be used in other applications after its service as a roof is complete. However, the cost of a slate roof can make it difficult to afford for some homeowners.

The main drawbacks of this roofing material are its cost and the difficulty in finding a contractor that knows how to install it. Many roofing contractors aren’t familiar with slate, which can lead to poor installation and additional maintenance costs in the long run.

In addition, a slate roof isn’t very practical for homes with children. It’s easy for small children to slip and fall from the roof, which can be dangerous. While this type of roof is resilient, it’s not very flexible and can easily crack under pressure or from impact. It’s also not as easy to maintain as other types of roofing, because foot traffic can damage the tiles. Therefore, you should have a firm plan in place for hiring roofers to perform regular maintenance on your slate roof just like Best Roofing Companies In Albuquerque.


The roof of a home is more than just an aesthetic element; it protects the structure and can impact energy efficiency. The roof also adds to the overall value of a property and can influence how it is perceived by potential buyers. Because of this, selecting the right roofing type is important. Each option has advantages and disadvantages that homeowners should consider when making a decision.

A metal roof is fire resistant and can withstand a variety of severe weather conditions. These factors make it an increasingly popular choice for homes in areas that experience extreme weather or live in a wildfire-prone area. Additionally, metal is often more affordable than other types of roofing. This is largely due to its low maintenance requirements. While shingles require regular shingle replacement, metal roofs can last 50 years or more without much maintenance.

There are many different metal roof options available for homeowners, ranging from galvanized steel to stainless steel and aluminum. In addition to providing a wide variety of colors and finishes, these materials are durable, energy efficient, and easy to install. In fact, many metal roofs are sold in large sheets that can be installed quickly. This can be helpful if a homeowner needs to find a good weather window for installation and may cut down on overall labor costs.

In contrast to the corrugated tin barn roofs of the past, today’s metal shingles are made from a wide range of metal alloys and come in a plethora of colors and styles that can match any aesthetic. They are usually installed over a ridge vent system, which helps prevent attic condensation and other problems by masking the outflow holes on the top of the ridge.

In addition to the above benefits, a metal roof can also help a homeowner save on heating and cooling costs. Unlike asphalt shingles, which absorb heat and trap it in the home, metal roofs reflect the sun’s rays and reduce the amount of heat that is transferred to the interior of the house. This can significantly lower a household’s utility bills.

When it comes to protecting your house from the elements, different roofing materials offer ideal protection to your home. Choosing the right roofing material should be based on aesthetic, budget and structural needs. Modern roofing options are far more energy-efficient than older roofs, which can help reduce your utility costs. The proper roof can also…